September 17, 2019

This is a sequel to my previous post, “The Dark Spectrum I: Goethe and the Imaginative Interrogation of Color,” . In that post, I introduced Goethe’s dark spectrum and ended by proposing that such a spectrum might have something new to offer us. In this installment, I want to make good on that proposal and introduce an often,...

November 19, 2018

Though often dismissed as misguided and ill-informed, in terms of its scientific understanding of the physics of light, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s work on co

February 1, 2016

Color is a code, a sign, a message –we use it to communicate and in turn it has the power to shape how we think and feel. For the last 500 years or so, black has been making its way to the front of the line as the color of sophistication, culture, power and self-control. On the streets of Paris, New York, London and Tokyo, bla...

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Refractions is a quarterly column that appears in the newsletter of the Inter-Society Color Council. The ISCC is the principal professional society in the field of color in the United States, encompassing the arts, science and industry. This blog provides an opportunity for comments, questions and feedback on the various articles. The articles are written by Carl Jennings, a member of the ISCC as well as an artist and a Professor of Art at Kap'iolani Community College at the University of Hawai'i.
His artwork can be viewed  at
Information about the ISCC can be found at .
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